We have our friends Jim and Bob Varner to thank for this find! Domaine de Piaugier encompasses 30 hectares located mostly in Sablet (Côtes du Rhône Villages), as well as in the surrounding Côtes du Rhone area.
A brief history:
Alphonse Vautour, Jean-Marc Autran’s great grandfather, made his wine in a cellar at the top of a little hill to the south of Sablet – called ‘Les Briguières’ – where he owned 6 hectares of vines. The winery was named ‘Ténébi’, after the old owner of the house.
Alphonse had to go down the hill, his mules loaded with barrels, to wait for the wine merchant to come by. If the merchant didn’t come, or didn’t buy his wine, he had to climb back up with his reluctant mules. So in 1947 he decided to build a new winery on the road below, where the Piaugier cellars are to this day.
Jean-Marc Autran, Alphonse’s great-grandson, took over the winery from his father Marc in 1985. He acquired more vineyards and, with the assistance of his wife Sophie, developed the sale of his wines in bottle. The winery soon became too small and they extended it in 1995 to enable them to mature and store the wines in the best possible conditions.
Today, Sophie and Jean-Marc Autran cultivate 3.5 hectares within the Gigondas Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée area, 12.5 hectares in the Sablet AOC and 14 hectares of Côtes du Rhône vineyards.
One of the great advantages of the domaine is that it is split into many small areas located on different soil types: clay with limestone and sand, clay with chalk, and sand and gravel soils. A further advantage is that the vines themselves, which are 20 – 40 years old, are reaching their prime.
The average yield is 40 hectolitres per hectare. The grapes are harvested separately, parcel by parcel, which lends each wine its own specific character, each one different from the next. All of their grapes are hand harvested.
The dominant grape variety is the traditional Grenache, with complimentary plantings of Syrah, Mourvèdre, Counoise and Carignan, in a density of 4,000 plants per hectare, pruned via the ‘cordon royat’ or the ‘gobelet’ style.
Until the 2005 vintage, the wines were made from whole bunches, with no destemming or crushing. Destemming was introduced in 2006. The duration of indigenous yeast fermentation varies from one week (Côtes du Rhône) to four weeks (for the Sablet and Gigondas). The temperature is strictly controlled at 28-30°C.
The Côtes du Rhône red wines are matured in concrete tanks for 6-12 months while the Sablet and Gigondas are matured for 2 years in used barrique as well as concrete tank. When bottling the reds, only their Côtes du Rhône is filtered.
"This small estate, managed with intelligence and talent by Jean-Marc Autran, deserves praise for its Côtes du Rhônes the very high quality Gigondas which it regularly produces." - Robert Parker's Guide to the Wines of the Rhône Valley